Arnica (Arnica montana)
The composite plant also known as “Bergwohlverleih” grows in the mountain meadows of Europe and is a protected species. The herbaceous plant can grow up to 60 cm high. The aromatic, fragrant flowers of this valuable medicinal plant are used medicinally. They contain, among other things, sesquiterpene lactones (especially helenalin), flavonoids and essential oil (including thymol).
The possible uses of Arnica are manifold due to its anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, antimicrobial, circulation-promoting and above all decongestant effect. Thus, arnica is preferably used for bruises, contusions, haematomas, rheumatic muscle and joint complaints as well as fluid accumulations in the skin and subcutis (oedema). In addition, superficial phlebitis is treated with arnica flowers in the form of watery compresses, tinctures or ointments.
Arnica preparations, with the exception of homeopathic preparations, should not be used internally or undiluted and should not be applied to open wounds.